A Case Study for Better Management of Forest Fire Situations using DiCoMa, A Disaster Management Framework

Eralp Erdoğan, Erhan Mengüşoğlu


Dicoma is an IT framework providing a list of tools to be used by different parties aiming at reducing the effects of the disaster and recover from the disaster situation. It includes components for analyzing social media, components for detecting forest fires based on complex event processing algorithms applied to data collected from sensors and also components making use of geographical information systems (GIS) for evaluating fighting strategies and decision making.

In recent years the world has seen many dramatic disasters, both natural and man-made. Forest fires are among the most commonly observed natural disasters. They can have devastating results for both the natural environment and the human population. A total of 20,749 million hectares of land area is covered with forests in Turkey, with forest fires, also known as wildfires, frequent in the coastal zones. Istanbul, the most crowded and industrialized city of Turkey, is located in the coastal zone. According to the Turkish General Directorate of Forestry, Istanbul has a high probability of forest fires. Disasters like forest fires are far beyond the ability of a single agency to deal with, and require cooperation between multiple agencies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate disaster preparedness and response of Istanbul in the case of a forest fire situation, and to reduce Istanbul’s vulnerabilities with the help of the Disaster Control Management framework (DiCoMa).

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