Biyolojik hidrojen üretim prosesleri

Nevim Genç

Öz


Hidrojen alternatif yakıt olarak büyük bir potansiyele sahip temiz bir enerji taşıyıcısıdır. Hidrojen üretimi için çeşitli teknolojiler vardır. Biyolojik hidrojen üretim prosesleri termokimyasal ve elektrokimyasal proseslere kıyaslandığında daha çevre dostu ve çok az enerji yoğunluklu olduğu bulunmuştur. Hidrojen biyolojik olarak biofotoliz, foto-fermentasyon ve karanlık-fermentasyon veya bu proseslerin kombinasyonu ile üretilebilir. Literatüre göre, maksimum hidrojen verimi 7,1 mol H2/mol glukoz olarak bulunmuştur. Düşük hidrojen verimi ve düşük hidrojen üretim hızı bu proseslerin ticarileşmesinde en önemli engeldir. Genetik olarak modifiye edilmiş mikroorganizmaların gelişimi, prosesin işletme şartlarının iyileştirilmesi, kombine proseslerin gelişimi gibi ilerlemeler biohidrojen teknolojisinin hızlı bir şekilde ticarileşmesini sağlayacaktır.


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