Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill. Fideciklerinin Bazı Makro ve Mikro Besin Elementleri Alım Düzeylerine Alüminyum Etkisinin Analitik ve Mikro Analitik Yöntemler İle İncelenmesi

Güler Çolak, M. Celalettin Baykul, Remzi Gürler, Necmettin Caner, Süleyman Tokur, Ercan Çatak

Öz


Bu çalışmada Murashige-Skoog temel besi ortamlarında yetiştirilen 15 gün yaşlı Lycopersicon esculenlum Mi l l. cv. H2274 (domates) fideciklerinin bazı makro ve mikro besin elementleri  alım   düzeylerine   artan   konsantrasyonlarda   uygulanan   alliminyumun   etkileri analitik ve mikro analitik yöntemler ile incelendi. Çalışmamızda besin çözeltilerine artan konsantrasyonlarda alüminyum uygulanması,  L.  esculentum  Mi l l.  ev.  H2274   (domates) fideciklerinin alüminyum içeriklerinde artışlara neden olurken, alınan alüminyumun büyük öçlüde  köklerde  biri kim  yaptığı  görüldü.  Besin  çözeltilerine  artan   konsantrasyonlarda alümi nyum ilavesi  L.  esculentum  Mill.  cv.  H2274  (domates)  fideciklerinin  toplam  azot alımlarında çok belirgin bir farklılık yaratmazken, fideciklerin özellikle fosfor. kalsiyum, magnezyum ve sodyum alımlarında  alüminyum  ilavelerine  bağlı  olarak  düzenli  düşüşler gözlendi. Bcsin çözeltilerine 1 00 ppm alüminyum  ilavesi fideciklerin toplam potasyum,  demir ve kobalt alımlarında belirgin düşüşlere neden olurken,  inceleme  kapsamına  alınan  hiçbir seride kökçük, hipokotil ve kotiledonlarda molibden elementine rastlanmad1. Çalışmamızda kökçük hipokotil ve kotiledon epidermal hücrelerinin bazı makro ve mikro besin elementleri içeriklerininde alüminyum uygulamalarına bağlı olarak değişebildiği saptandı.

 


Tam Metin:

PDF

Referanslar


[l] Dagcnhardt, J., Larsen, P.B., Howell, S.H., Kochian, L.V., Aluminum resistance in the Arabidopsis Mutant alr-104 is caused by an aluminum induced increase in rhizosphere pH, Plant Physiology, 117, 19-27 (1998).

Horst, W.J.J., The role of the apoplast in alumi nium toxicity and resistance of higher plants, Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenerrahrung und Bodenkunde, 158: 5, 419-428 (1995).

Blancaflor, E.B., Jones, D.L., Gilroy, S., Alterations in the cytoskeleton accompany aluminum induced growth inhibition and morphological changes in primary roots of maize, Plant Physiology, 117, 753-759 (1998).

Larsen, P.B., Degenhardt, J., Tai, C.Y., Stenzler, L.M., Howell, S.H., Kochian, L.V., Aluminum resistant Arabidopsis mutants that exhibit altered patterns of aluminum accumulation and organic acid release from roots, Plant Physiology, 1 17, 9-17 (1998).

Aller, A.J., Bernal, J.L. Nozal, M.J ., Deban, L., Effects of selected trace elements on plant growth, J. Sci. Food Agric., 51 , 447-479 (1990).

Widell, S., Asp, H., Jensen, P., Activities of plasma membrane bound enzymes isolated from roots of spruce (Picea abies) grown in the presence of aluminium, Physiologia Plantarum, 92: 3, 456-466 ( 1994).

Lindberg, S., Griffiths, G., Aluminium effects on ATPase activity and lipit composition of plasma membranes in sugar beet roots, Journal of Experimental Botany, 44, 1543-1550 (1993).

Lindberg, S., Szynkier, K., Greger, M., Aluminium effects on transmembrane potential in cells of fibrous roots of sugar beet, Physiologia Plantarum, 83: 1, 54-62 (1991).

Ownby, J.D., Hruschka, W.R., Quantitative changes in cytoplasmic and microsomal proteins associated with aluminium toxicity in two cultivars of winter wheat, Plant Cell and Environment, 14: 3, 303-309 (1991).

Simon, L., Kieger, M., Sung, S.S., Smalley, T.J., Aluminium toxicity in tomato, part 2. Leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll content and invertase activity, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 17: 2-3, 307-317 (1994).

Zhang, W., Zhang, F., Shen, Z., Liu, Y., Changes of H+ pumps of tonoplast vesicle from wheat roots in vivo and in vitro under aluminum treatment and effect of calcium, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 21: 12, 2515-2526 (1998).

Plucinska, L.G., Effects of aluminium on free inorganic phosphate levels in scots pine roots, Arboretum Kornickie, 40, 135-141 (1995).

Plucinska, L.G., Karolewski, P., Aluminium effects on pyridine nucleotide redox state in roots of Scots pine, Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 63: 2, 167-171 (1994).

Richards, K.D., Schott, E.J., Sharma, Y.K., Davis, K.R., Gardner, R.C., Aluminum induces oxidative stress genes in Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Physiology, 116, 155-163 (1998).

Blarney, F.P.C., Asher, C.J., Edwards, D.C., Kerven, G.L., In vitro evidence of aluminium effects on solution movement through root cell walls, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 16: 4, 555-562 (1993).

Murashige, T., Skoog, F., A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures, Physiologia Plantarum, 15, 473-497 (1962).

Koffa, S.N., Mori, T., Effects of pH and aluminium toxicity on the growth of four strains of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)de Wit., Leucaena Research Reports, 8, 58-62 (1987).

Goransson, A., Eldhuset, T.D., Effects of aluminium on growth and nutrient uptake of small Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris plants, Trees: Structure and Function, 5: 3, 136- 142 (1991).

Barcelo, J., Guevara, P., Poschenrieder, C., Silicon amelioration of aluminium toxicity in teosinte (Zea mays L. ssp. mexicana), Plant and Soil, 154: 2, 249-255 (1993).

Konishi, S., Ferguson, LB., Putterill, J., Effect of acidic polypeptides on aluminium toxicity in tube growth of pollen from tea (Camellia sinensis L.), Plant Science, 56: 1, 55-59 (1988).

Yamamoto, Y., Chang, Y.C., Ono, K., Matsumoto, H., Effects of aluminium on the toxicity of iron, copper and cadmium in suspension cultured tobacco cells. Bulletin of the Research Institute for Bioresources, Okoyama University, 2: 2, 181-190 (1994).

Fageria, N.K., Santos, A.B., Rice and common bean growth and nutrient concentrations as influenced by aluminum on an acid lowland soil, Journal of Plant N utrition, 21: 5, 903-912 (1998).

Yang, Y.H., Zhang, H.Y., Boron amelioration of aluminum toxicity in mungbean seedlings, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 21 : 5, 1045-1054 ( 1998).

Tang, V.H., Parijs, B., Dent, D.E., Effects of fluoride on aluminium toxicity in rice, Selected Papers of the Ho Chi Minh City Symposium on Acid Sulphate Soils, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, March 1992, 261 -264 (1993).

Simon, L., Smalley, T.J., Jones, J.B., Lasseigne, F.T., Aluminium toxicity in tomato. Part I. Growth and mineral nutrition, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 17: 2-3, 293-306 (1994).

Baligar, V.C., Schaffert, R.E., Santos, H.L., Pitta, G.V.E., Bahia, A.F., Soil aluminium effects on uptake, influx and transport of nutrients in Sorghum genotypes, Plant and Soil, 150: 2, 271-277 (1993).

Jan, F., Aluminium effects on growth, nutrient net uptake and transport in 3 rice (Oryza sativa) cultivars with different sensitivity to aluminium, Physiologia Plantarum, 83: 3, 441-448 (1991).

Strid, H., Effects of root zone temperature on aluminium toxicity in two cultivars of spring wheat with different resistance to alumini um, Physiologia Plantarum, 97: l , 5- 12 (1996).

J Rengel, Z., Robinson, D.L., Temperature and magnesi um effects on aluminium toxicity in annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), Plant Nutrition-Physiology and Applications, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Wageningen, Netherlands, 413-417 (1990).

MacDiarmid C.W., Gardner, R.C., Al toxicity in yeast. A role for Mg, Plant Physiology, 112, 1101-1109 (1996).

Lidon, F.C., Barreiro, M.G., Ramalho, J.C., Lauriano, J.A., Effects of Aluminium toxicity on nutrient accumulation in maize shoots: Implications on photosynthesis, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 22: 2, 397-416 (1999).

Lidon, F.C., Barreiro, M.G., Threshold aluminum toxicity in maize, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 21: 3, 413-419, (1998).

Ma, J.F., Hiradate, S., Matsumoto, H., High aluminum resistance in buckwheat II. Oxalic acid detoxifies aluminum internally, Plant Physiology, 117, 745-751 (1998).


Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.


Telif Hakkı (c) 2016 Güler Çolak, M. Celalettin Baykul, Remzi Gürler, Necmettin Caner, Süleyman Tokur, Ercan Çatak

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.