Türkiye’de Yetişen Carlina L. (Asteraceae, Cardueae) Türlerinin Morfolojik Verilerle Filogenetik Analizi

Berna Sanön, Fatih Coşkun, Bayram Yıldız

Öz


Bu çalışmada Cardueae tribusunun Carlininae alt tribusuna ait Carlina L. cinsinin (Asteraceae) morfolojik verilere dayalı filogenetik analizi yapılmıştır.  28 morfolojik karakter kullanımıyla Türkiye’de yayılış gösteren 9 Carlina L. taksonu arasındaki akrabalık ilişkileri analiz edilmiştir.  Bu analizler için dış grup olarak Cardopatium corymbosum, Atractylis cancellata, Carthamus lanatus ve Carthamus dentatus taksonları seçilmiştir.  Maksimum parsimoni kriteri ile Dallandır–ve–Bağla algoritması kullanılarak yapılan veri seti analizi 106 tane en iyi parsimoni ağacından yararlanılmış ve bunlardan eşit şekilde parsimony gösteren en tutumlu (most parsimonious) 2 ağaç topolojisi belirlenmiştir.  Bu ağaç topojilerinde 4 klad oluşmuştur.  Bazı dallar Bootstrap desteği alırken bazıları almamıştır.  Bu analiz sonucunda bir numaralı ağaç topolojisi üzerinde işlenmiş Bootstrap analizi verilerine göre 4. klad %69 desteklenmiştir


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