New 1,3,4-thiadiazole compounds: synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation and theoretical analyses based on DFT calculations

Muhammet Serdar Çavuş, Halit Muğlu


In this study, four novel 1,3,4-thiadiazole compounds, derived from α-methyl cinnamic acid, were synthesised. The structural elucidation was carried out using UV-Vis, FT-IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. In addition, the chemical and electronic properties of the compounds as well as UV-Vis, IR and NMR analyses were theoretically performed using the density functional theory (DFT). Based on the frontier molecular orbital (FMO) energies of the compounds, which were obtained from different methods and basis sets, some chemical reactivity parameters and their relationship with the methods were analysed. Theoretical calculations were compared with the experimental results. The electronegative substituents Cl and NO2 reduced the HOMO–LUMO energy gap (ΔE), and the ones caused a bathochromic shift in the UV absorption wavelength. The Pearson correlation coefficients between the experimental and theoretical IR and 13C NMR results were approximately R = 0.99. It was seen that, the chemical shift of hydrogen bound to an electronegative nitrogen atom was affected by intermolecular hydrogen bond interactions.

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