Farklı oranlarda alüminyum köpük takviyeli çarpışma-kutularının mekanik performanslarının karşılaştırılması

Betül Gülçimen Çakan, Cihat Ensarioğlu, M. Cemal Çakır

Öz


Çarpışma-kutuları otomobillerde, kaza anında çarpışma enerjisini sönümleyerek aracın ve yolcuların en az zararı almasını sağlayan önemli elemanlardır. Bu çalışmada, öncelikle, alüminyum köpük malzemesinin yarı-statik basma testleri gerçekleştirilerek malzeme modeli oluşturulmuştur. Bu malzeme modeli; farklı oranlarda alüminyum köpük takviyesi yapılmış çarpışma-kutularının mekanik performansını, boş çarpışma-kutularınınki ile karşılaştırmak amacıyla, sanal çarpışma analizlerinde kullanılmıştır. Köpük takviyeli çarpışma-kutularının, köpük oranıyla artacak şekilde; plato kuvveti, çarpışma süresi, deformasyon davranışı ve enerji emilimi yönünden daha üstün olduğu görülmüştür.


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