Micromorphological comparison of Nepeta viscida, N. nuda subsp. nuda and their putative hybrids N. x tmolea

Taner Özcan


In this study, two Nepeta species, Nepeta viscida, N. nuda subsp. nuda, and their putative hybrids N. x tmolea were investigated for their trichome structure and density.  For this purpose, fresh or herbarium specimens were used.  SEM photographs were taken with the standard techniques in Balıkesir University.  While N. x tmolea individuals are similar to N. nuda subsp. nuda in some respects (for example, absence long glandular trichomes on the stem, the absence of glandular hairs on the corolla), it shows some transition between N. viscida and N. nuda subp. nuda in some respects (for example, while the corolla of N. viscida does not contain long glandular hair, presence in a high density in N. nuda subsp. nuda and low density in N. x tmolea individuals).

Tam Metin:



Tzakou, O., Haruda, C., Galati, E.M. and Sanogo, R., Essential Oil Composition of Nepeta argolica Bory et Chaub. subsp. argolica, Flavour Fragrance Journal, 115-118, (2000).

Pojarkova, A.I., Nepeta L. In: Shishkin B K (ed.), Flora of The U.S.S.R., Vol. 20, pp. 191-293, Moskva-Leningrad: Academy Science of the U.S.S.R., (1954).

Jamzad, Z., Harley, M.M., Ingrouille, M., Simmonds, M.S.J. and Jalili, A., Pollen exine and nutlet surface morphology of the annual species of Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) in Iran. - In: Harley MM, Morton GM & Blackmore S (eds.), Pollen and Spores: Morphology and Biology, pp. 385-397, Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, (2000).

Hedge, I.C. and Lamond, J.M., Nepeta L. In: Davis PH (ed), Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands, Vol. 7, pp. 264-288, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, (1982).

Güner, A., Özhatay, N., Ekim, T. and Başer, K.H.C., eds. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Vol. 11, (2000).

Dirmenci, T., Türkiye’de Yetisen Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) Türleri Üzerinde Taksonomik Araştırmalar. Doktora Tezi, Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Balıkesir, (2003).

Giuliani, C., Pellegrino, R., Tirillini, B. and Maleci Bini, L., Micromorphological and chemical characterizations of Stachys recta L. subsp. serpentine (Fiori) Arrigoni in comparison to Stachys recta L. subsp. recta (Lamiaceae), Flora 203, 5, 376-385, (2008).

Uphof, J.C.T., Plant hairs, Encylopedia Plant Anatomy, 4, 5, 1-206, (1962).

Hardin, J.W., Pattern of variation in foliar trichomes of Eastern North America Quercus, American Journal of Botany, 6, 576-585, (1979).

Husain, S.Z., Marin, P.D., Šilić, Č., Qaiser, M. and Petcović, B., A micromorphological study of some representative genera in the tribe Saturejeae (Lamiaceae), Botanical Journal of Linnean Society, 103, 1, 59-80, (1990).

Christophel, D.C., Kerrigan, R. and Rowett, A.I., The use of cuticular features in the taxonomy of the Lauraceae, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 83, 419-432, (1996).

Krawczyk, K. and Głowacka, G, Nutlet micromorphology and its taxonomic utility in Lamium L. (Lamiaceae), Plant Systematics and Evolution, 301, 7, 1863-1874, (2015).

Ecevit-Genç G., Ozcan T., Dirmenci T., Micromorphological characters on nutlet and leaf indumentum of Teucrium sect. Teucrium (Lamiaceae) in Turkey", Turkish Journal of Botany, 39, 439-448, (2015).

Ecevit-Genç, G., Ozcan, T., Dirmenci, T., Nutlet and leaf micromorphology in some Turkish species of Teucrium L. (Lamiaceae)", Phytotaxa, 312, 71-82, (2017).

Sajna, M. and Sunojkumar, P., Trichome micromorphology and its systematic significance in Asian Leucas(Lamiaceae), Flora, 242, 70-78, (2018).

Levin, D.A., The role of trichomes in plant defense, The Quarterly Review of Biology, 48, 3-15, (1973).

Herms, D.A. and Mattson, W.J., The dilemma of plants: to grow or defend, The Quarterly Review of Biology, 67, 283-335, (1992).

Vassilyev, A.E., Functional morphology of secretory plant cells, Nauka Publication House, Leningrad, (1977).

Danilova, M.F. and Kashina, T.K., Ultrastructure of glandular scales in Perilla ocymoides (Lamiaceae) in connection with their possible involvement in the synthesis of steroid hormones and gibberellins, Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad, 72, 427- 435, (1987).

Werker, E., Putyevsky, E. and Ravid, U., The essential oils and glandular hairs in different chemotypes of Origanum vulgare L., Annals of Botany, 55, 793-801, (1985).

Wagner, G.J., Secreting glandular trichomes: more than just hairs, Plant Physiology, 96, 675-679, (1991).

Bisio, A., Corallo, A., Gastaldo, P., Romussi, G., Ciarallo, G., Fontana, N., De Tommas, N. and Profumo, P., Glandular hairs and secreted material in Salvia blepharophylla Brandegee ex Epling grown in Italy, Annals of Botany, 83, 441-452, (1999).

Van Dam, N.M., Hare, J.D. and Elle, E., Inheritance and distribution of trichome phenotypes in Datura wrightii, Journal of Heredity, 91, 220-227, (1999).

Xiao, K., Mao, X., Lin, Y., Xu, H., Zhu, Y., Cai, Q., Xie, H. and Zhang, J., Trichome, a functional diversity phenotype in Plant. Molecular Biology, 6, 183, (2017).

Hammer, Q., Harper, D.A.T. and Ryan P.D., Past: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis, Palaeontologia Electronica, 4,1, 1-9, (2001).

Kolalite, M.R., Comparative analysis of ultrastructure of glandular trichomes in two Nepeta cataria chemotypes (N. cataria and N. cataria var. citriodora), Nordic Journal of Botany, 18, 5, 589–598, (1988).

Yarmoohammadi, M., Talebi, S.M. and Nohooji, M.G., Infraspecific variations in essential oil and glandular trichomes in Nepeta heliotropifolia, Biodiversitas, 18, 3, 964–970, (2017).

Kofidis, G. and Bosabalidis, M., Effects of altitude and season on glandular hairs and leaf structural traits of Nepeta nuda L., Botanical Studies, 49, 363–372, (2008).

Kaya, A., Demirci, B. and Baser, K.H.C., Micromorphology of glandular trichomes of Nepeta congesta Fisch. & Mey. var. congesta (Lamiaceae) and chemical analysis of the essential oils, South African Journal of Botany, 73, 29–34, (2007).

Padure, I.M., Morpho-anatomy of flower and inflorescence in Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae), Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Section 2, Vegetal Biology, 19–29, (2006).

Kaya, A. and Dirmenci, T., Nutlet surface micromorphology of the genus Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) in Turkey, Turkish Journal of Botany, 32, 103–112, (2008).

Dirmenci, T., Yazıcı, T., Özcan, T,. Çelenk, Ç. and Martin, E., A new species and a new natural hybrid of Origanum L. (Lamiaceae) from the west of Turkey, Turkish Journal of Botany, 42, 73-90, (2018a).

Dirmenci, T., Özcan, T., Yazıcı, T., Arabacı, T. and Martin, E., Morphological, cytological, palynological and molecular evidence on two new hybrids: an example of homoploid hybridization in Origanum (Lamiaceae), Phytotaxa, (2018b).

Jaźwa, M., Jedrzejczak, E., Klichowska, E., and Pliszko A., Predicting the potential distribution area of Solidago × niederederi (Asteraceae), Turkish Journal of Botany, 42, 51-56, (2018).

Jiang, J.X., Zhu, M.D., Ai, X., Xiao, L., Deng, G.T., and Yi, Z.L., Molecular evidence for a natural diploid hybrid between Miscanthus sinensis (Poaceae) and M. sacchariflorus, Plant Systematics Evolution, 299, 1367– 1377, (2013).

Kokubugata, G., Kurihara, T., Hirayama, Y., and Obata, K., Molecular Evidence for a Natural Hybrid Origin of Ajuga  mixta (Lamiaceae) Using ITS Sequence, Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series B (Botany), 37, 4,175–179, (2011).

Liao, P.C., Shih, H.C., Yen, T.B., Lu, S.Y., Cheng, Y.P. and Chiang, Y.C., Molecular evaluation of interspecific hybrids between Acer albopurpurascens and A. buergerianum var. formosanum, Botanical. Studies, 51, 413–420, (2010).

Rieseberg, L.H., Hybrid origins of plant species, Annual. Review of Ecology and Systematics, 28, 359–389, (1997).


  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.

Telif Hakkı (c) 2018 Taner Özcan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.