Fotovoltaik dağıtık üretim birimleri (FV-DÜB): güç kalitesine etkileri, uluslararası güç kalitesi standartları ve FV-DÜB barındıran dağıtım sistemleri için güç kalitesi iyileştirme yöntemleri

Alp Karadeniz, Murat Erhan Balcı

Öz


Günümüz güç sistemlerinde gerilim profilinin iyileştirilmesi, sistem güvenilirliğinin arttırılması, hat kayıplarının azaltılması ve enerji verimliliğinin arttırılması amaçlarıyla dağıtık üretim birimlerinin kullanımı yaygın hale gelmiştir. Bu dağıtık üretim birimlerinden, rüzgar türbinleri ve fotovoltaik birimler, elektrik üretiminde doğal gaz, kömür ve petrol gibi geleneksel enerji kaynaklarının kullanımını sınırlandırmaları, böylece sera gazı artışı ve küresel ısınma gibi çevresel sorunların önlenmesi için önemli birer seçenek haline gelmişlerdir. Ancak, bu dağıtık üretim birimleri, güç elektroniği devreleri üzerinden şebekeye bağlanmaları ve enerji kaynaklarının emre amade olmaması gibi sebeplerden dolayı; güç sistemlerinde çeşitli güç kalitesi problemlerine yol açmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, öncelikle fotovoltaik dağıtık üretim birimlerinde (FV-DÜB) teknolojik anlamda gelinen en son durum sunulmuş, daha sonra bu birimlerin güç sistemlerinde meydana getirdikleri güç kalitesi problemleri ile FV-DÜB’leri barındıran sistemler için hazırlanmış uluslararası güç kalitesi standartları irdelenmiştir. Son olarak, FV-DÜB barındıran sistemler için güç kalitesi problemlerinin iyileştirilmesinde uygulanan yöntemler tanıtılmıştır.


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